The difference between stainless steel sheets and stainless steel plate is the thickness to which the metal is rolled out. Stainless steel plate generally has a thickness or gauge of more than 6mm and stainless steel sheet has a thickness of less than 6mm, but greater than that of foil. As a rule of thumb, the thinner the metal, the larger the gauge number will be.
Both stainless steel plate and sheet can be supplied in a dull or satin polished with a protective coating on one side. For a more decorative appearance, it can also be supplied with a circular finish.
Three of the most common grades of stainless steel are 304, 316 and 410. 304 and 304L are the most commonly used grade for sheet and plate as it is less expensive, highly versatile and offers corrosion resistance while also maintaining its durability. For coastal and marine environments, grade 316 is often favoured due to its superior corrosion resistance.
Uses for Stainless Steel Plates
Stainless steel plates aka plate metal, also commonly known as Hot Rolled products is used in applications where durability and strength are most important. Super duplex steel plate minimises welding and maximises structural integrity which reduces the need for extra structural support and foundations in buildings, which reduces construction costs.
Stainless steel plate is used extensively in the car manufacturing industry to provide the durability and strength need to get through crash testing. In addition, metal plate is also used in the aviation and transport industries. It provides structural sections for ships, military vehicles, railways and trucks.
Fuel and chemical tankers, chemical and petrochemical plants and the pharmaceutical industry choose stainless steel plate as a favoured preference due to its low maintenance and corrosion resistance properties.
Uses for Stainless Steel Sheets
Similar to stainless steel plate, the sheet metal has high tensile strength, durability and delivers an exceptional finish.
Stainless steel is thus ideal for food production and storage as it does not affect the flavour of the food and the corrosion resistance is an important factor when it comes into contact with acidic foods. Stainless steel is easily cleaned which keeps germs at bay, in turn maintaining the integrity of any sterile environment, including that of the medical industry.
Stainless steel sheets, also commonly known as Cold Rolled Products, can be moulded into shapes for making cookware, such as grills, sinks, pots and cookers. Stainless steel sheet is popular as a finish for refrigerators, freezers, countertops and dishwashers.
The sheet metal is available in flat pieces or coiled strips and is also useful when making licence plates for cars and even the base of light bulbs.
Steelmor is the leading supplier and manufacturer of stainless steel in South Africa and we stock a range of stainless steel plates and sheets suitable for many applications. Give us a call on 011-7475700 to enquire about our full range and find out how we can best meet your stainless steel requirements.